## VEDIC MULTIPLIER

*Hola Amigos*

*Multiplication in verilog seems an easy task however one must use and appropriate algorithm to save memory, space, RTL complexity, and performance.*

*You all will find certainly various multipliers including the famous booth multiplier. I followed a different algo since I was having a tough time to understand Booth algo. My multiplication follows the methedology of Vedic Multiplier. Many of my amigos must have heard of it.*

*Let me explain.*

*Suppose we have two 8 bit numbers as 16 and 16. Multiplying them would double up the bits as per conventional mathematics thus the result will be 256 in 16 bits.*

*Hence we will have input as*

*input [7:0] a,b;*

*and output as*

*output reg [7:0]c;*

*Output can also be a wire but then you will have to use assign keyword. It won't remain under initial block or always block. Hence I have taken it as reg type to be inside always block.*

*The basic module or better say fundamental module starts with 2bit vedic multiplier.*

*Taking 2bit case*

*a = 10 and b = 10 then*

**Step 1**- AND of a[0] with b[0]

**Step 2**- Cross AND of a[0] with b[1]

**Step 3**- Cross AND of a[1] with b[0]

**Step 4**- Cross AND of b[1] with a[0]

**Step 5**- ADD them side by side

*Here is the blessing!*

*Thus similarly for 4bit vedic multiplier*

*if*

**a = 1010**and**b = 1101***Then we will have to perform*

**Step 1**- 2bit vedic for a[3:2] and b[3:2] then concat 00 after result totaling 6bits*-----------*

**Step 2**- 2bit vedic for a[1:0] and b[3:2] then concat 00 before result totaling 6 bits*------------*

**Step 3**- add result of step1 and step2*------------*

**Step 4 -**2bit vedic for a[3:2] and b[1:0]*------------*

**Step 5 -**2bit vedic for a[1:0] and b[1:0]*------------*

**Step 6 -**Let result of step6 be q then concat 00 before q[3:2]*------------*

**Step 7 -**add result of step 6 and step 5*------------*

**Step 9 -**add result of step 7 and step 3*The result is x[7:2]*

*and x[1:0] will be straight q[1:0]*

*Concating both we have c[7:0] result*

*Similarly here is the*

*Code for 8bit Multiplier*

*module Eight_vedic(a,b,c);*

input [7:0] a;

input [7:0] b;

output [15:0] c;

wire [31:0] wir;

wire [11:0] wir2;

wire [11:0] wir3;

wire [11:0] result1;

wire [11:0] result2;

wire wir6;

//assign c = 15'b0;

Four_vedic v1(a[7:4],b[7:4],wir[31:24]);

Four_vedic v2(a[3:0],b[7:4],wir[23:16]);

assign wir2 = {wir[31:24],4'b0};

assign wir3 = {4'b0,wir[23:16]};

//six_bit_add add1(wir2,wir3,1'b0,result1,co);

assign result1 = wir2 + wir3;

Four_vedic v3(a[7:4],b[3:0],wir[15:8]);

Four_vedic v4(a[3:0],b[3:0],wir[7:0]);

//six_bit_add add2({2'b0,wir[7:4]},{4'b0,wir[3:2]},co,result2,wir6);

assign result2 = result1 + {4'b0,wir[15:8]}+{8'b0,wir[7:4]};

assign c[3:0] = wir[3:0];

assign c[15:4] = result2[11:0];

endmodule

*C*

*ode for 4bit vedic*

module Four_vedic(a,b,c);

input [3:0] a;

input [3:0] b;

output [7:0] c;

wire [15:0] wir;

wire [5:0] wir2;

wire [5:0] wir3;

wire [5:0] result1;

wire [5:0] result2;

wire wir6;

Two_vedic v1(a[3:2],b[3:2],wir[15:12]);

Two_vedic v2(a[1:0],b[3:2],wir[11:8]);

assign wir2 = {wir[15:12],2'b0};

assign wir3 = {2'b0,wir[11:8]};

//six_bit_add add1(wir2,wir3,1'b0,result1,co);

assign result1 = wir2 + wir3;

Two_vedic v3(a[3:2],b[1:0],wir[7:4]);

Two_vedic v4(a[1:0],b[1:0],wir[3:0]);

//six_bit_add add2({2'b0,wir[7:4]},{4'b0,wir[3:2]},co,result2,wir6);

assign result2 = result1 + {2'b0,wir[7:4]}+{4'b0,wir[3:2]};

assign c[1:0] = wir[1:0];

assign c[7:2] = result2[5:0];

endmodule

*Code for 2bit vedic*

module Two_vedic(a,b,c);

input [1:0] a;

input [1:0] b;

output [3:0] c;

wire [3:0] wir;

assign wir[0] = a[0] & b[0];

assign wir[1] = (a[1]&b[0])^(a[0]&b[1]);

assign wir[2] = (a[0]&b[1])&(a[1]&b[0])^(a[1]&b[1]);

assign wir[3] = (a[0]&b[1])&(a[1]&b[0])&(a[1]&b[1]);

assign c = {wir[3],wir[2],wir[1],wir[0]};

endmodule

*Testbench*

module test();

reg [7:0]a;

reg [7:0]b;

wire [15:0]s;

initial begin

a = 5;

b = 4;

#100 a = 7;

b = 3;

#100 a = 9;

b = 8;

#100 a = 4;

b = 4;

#100 a = 256;

b = 256;

#100 a = 100;

b = 15;

end

Eight_vedic v(a,b,s);

endmodule

**Remember for 8bit vedic both 4 and 2bit modules must be present in code.**

**Similarly for 16bit all 8 and 4 and 2 bit will remain in module.**

**16 bit testbench will call 16bit module which instantiate 8bit which will instantiate 4bit and in continuum 2bit will be instantiated. One cannot skip any module.**

*EDIT- 16bit vedic will be released with patch 1.0.0*

*So Long*

## 4 Comments

can you ,please post the explanation for this code in detail?

ReplyDeleteWill surely do so if I get some time.

Deletei want to 32 bit vedic multiplier coding....

ReplyDeleteSir please send 16 bit code

ReplyDelete