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I2C Verilog Code Explanation II

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In my previous post, I explained working of I2C Verilog code. Same is continued here.

else if(left_bits == 10)begin
  if(sda == 0)begin
   left_bits <= 1;
   direction <= 1;
   temp <= temp_reserved;
  end
  else begin
   direction <= 1;
   alpha <= 0;
   left_bits <= left_bits + 1;
  end
end

When the ACK/NACK is received at 9 then at 10 it is compared with 1 and 0. If the acknowledgment received is 0 then left_bits is reset to its initial value that is 1. The direction is again set to 1 to make the Master ready to send data to Slave. The register TEMP which is now XXXXXXX gets renewed or say reset with a copy that we stored earlier i.e. in TEMP_RESERVED. If the received acknowledgment is 1 then direction will be changed to 1 because now the Master will have to send the address of register which stores data in the Slave. Setting ALPHA = 0 is not necessary here though. LEFT_BITS is again incremented.
else if(left_bits >=11 && left_bits <=17)begin
  alpha <= regist…

I2C Verilog Code Explanation I

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In this post, I am going to explain my previous post regarding I2C. You can visit the post by clicking here.



INOUT  SDA: The SDA line is the inout port because Master will send data, address along this line as well as the Slave will send ACK/ NACK along the same SDA line hence it has to be inout type.
OUTPUT REG SCL: The SCL line will be the output from Master to other Slaves. SCL is controlled by Master here by the register "a" in the code.
REG DIRECTION: This register will decide whether the direction of flow of data on the SDA line. The line assign sda = direction?alpha:1'bz. using the direction keyword.
Its equivalent code will be
 if(direction==1)
   sda = alpha;
 else if(direction==0)
  sda = 1'bz;

If Master sets the direction as 1 then sda = alpha. At the same moment, Slave must also have the direction set to 0 in order to allow data from Master. When the Slave wants to send the data then the Slave will set the direction as 1 and Master will set it as 0.
REG ALPH…

ESP8266 WebSockets

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I worked on web sockets on a Wemos D1 mini using an ESP8266 chip and it worked fabulously. I have designed an "HTML" file which can initiate a connection with my D1 mini to control the onboard LED.

Any board with ESP will work here. In my application, I can switch on and switch off the onboard LED of the board. A continuous connection was also made to see the real-time calculation going on the ESP board with my browser.

However, I faced some problems like socket timeout which I haven't solved yet. The problem is that when the ESP is connected to the browser, it shows the real-time data for some minutes after which the connection is stopped. I still have to figure out the reason to solve this issue.

WebSockets have helped me to a great extent. I can use the serial monitor over wifi now. I can even update the values over wifi and get back the current readings.

I began with the web socket library by "Ipnica" at GitHub. Click here to download the library. After in…